research interests: digital politics, Canadian politics, political communication, political parties, Ontario politics

books           articles & chapters          other publications


Digital Politics in Canada: Promises and Realities (2020). Edited with Harold Jansen

Fighting for Votes: Parties, the Media and Voters in the 2011 Ontario Election (2015). William Cross, Jonathan Malloy, Tamara A. Small and Laura Stephenson. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Review of the book in the Canadian Journal of Political Science.

Political Communication in Canada: Meet the Press and Tweet the Rest (2015). Edited by Alex Marland, Thierry Giasson and Tamara A. Small. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Review of the book in the British Journal of Canadian Studies (29:1).

Mind the Gaps: Canadian Perspectives on Gender and Politics (2013). Edited by Roberta Lexier and Tamara A. Small. Halifax: Fernwood Press.

selected articles & book chapters

2019 “Trolling Stephen Harper: Internet Memes as Online Activism” (with Mireille Lalancette & Maxime Pronovost) in What’s Trending in Canada? Understanding Transformation in Power, Media, and the Public Sphere. (edited by Mireile Lalancette, Vincent Raynauld, and Erin Crandall). Vancouver: UBC Press.

2019.  “Navigating the principle of open court in the digital age: The more things change, the more they stay the same.” with Kate Puddister. Canadian Public Administration. 62 (2): 202–224.

2018. “Digital third parties: Understanding the technological challenge to Canada’s third party advertising regime.” Canadian Public Administration, 61(2), pp.266-283.

2018. “Tweet by Tweet Broadcasting: Local Candidates Use of Twitter During The 2015 Canadian Federal Election” (with Julie Croskill-Killin) in Political Elites in Canada: Power and Influence in Instantaneous Times (edited by Alex Marland, Thierry Giasson and Andrea Lawlor). Vancouver: UBC Press.

2018. “Online Negativity in Canada: Do Canadian Party Leaders Attack on Twitter?Journal of Language and Politics (Special Issue:  Re/Constructing Politics through Social & Online Media: Ideologies, Discourse & Mediated Political Practices, 17:1.

2017. “Online, all the time. The permanent campaign on web platforms” (with Thierry Giasson) in Permanent Campaigning in Canada (edited by Alex Marland, Anna Esselment and Thierry Giasson).  Vancouver: UBC Press.

2016. “Media and Ontario Politics: The Press Gallery in the 21st Century.” The Government and Politics of Ontario 6th Edition. (edited by Jonathan Malloy and Cheryl Collier). Toronto, University of Toronto Press.

2016. “Parties, Leaders and Online Personalization: Twitter in Canadian Electoral Politics.” Twitter and Elections around the World: Campaigning in 140 Characters or Less (edited by Richard Davis, Marion Just and Christina Holtz-Bacha). London, Routledge.

2016. “Two Decades of Digital Party Politics in Canada: An Assessment.” Canadian Political Parties in Transition: Recent Evolution and New Agendas for Research, 4th Edition (edited by Alain-G. Gagnon and A. Brian Tanguay). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

2015. “All Politics is Not Local: Local Candidate Tweeting in the 2015 Election” (with Julie Killin). Canadian Election Analysis 2015: Communication, Strategy, and Democracy (edited by Alex Marland and Thierry Giasson). UBC Press/Samara.

Also reprinted in the Samara Blog

2014. “The Not-So Social Network: The Use of Twitter by Canada’s Party Leaders.” Political Communication in Canada: Meet the Press and Tweet the Rest. (edited by Alex Marland, Thierry Giasson and Tamara A. Small). Vancouver: UBC Press.

2014. “The Triangulation of Canadian Political Communication” (leader author with Thierry Giasson and Alex Marland). Political Communication in Canada: Meet the Press and Tweet the Rest. (edited by Alex Marland, Thierry Giasson and Tamara A. Small). Vancouver: UBC Press.

2014. “Political Communication and Marketing in Canada: Challenges for Democracy.” (with Alex Marland (lead author) and Thierry Giasson. Political Communication in Canada: Meet the Press and Tweet the Rest. (edited by Alex Marland, Thierry Giasson and Tamara A. Small Vancouver: UBC Press.

2014. “Online Political Activity in Canada: The Hype and the Facts” (lead author with Harold Jansen, Frédérick Bastien, Thierry Giasson and Royce Koop). Canadian Parliamentary Review. Winter, 2014 (Vol. 37 no.4).

2013. “Introduction: Why We Should Mind the Gender Gap” (Lead author with Roberta Lexier). Mind the Gaps: Canadian Perspectives on Gender and Politics, eds Roberta Lexier and Tamara A. Small). Fernwood Press.

2012. “E-ttack Politics: Negativity, the Internet & Canadian Political Parties.” How Canadians Communicate IV: Media and Politics, eds David Taras and Christopher Waddell. Athabasca, Athabasca University Press.

2012. “e-Government in the Age of Social Media: An Analysis of the Canadian Government’s Use of Twitter.” Policy and Internet 4(3-4) pp. 91–111.

2012. “Are We Friends Yet? Relationship Marketing on the Internet.” Political Marketing in Canada: The Practice of Political Marketing and How it is Changing Canadian Democracy eds Alex Marland, Thierry Giasson and Jennifer Lees-Marshment. Vancouver: UBC Press.

2012. Actes du Colloque sur la démocratie, les députés et les medias. Direction des communications de l’Assemblée nationale du Québec.

2011. “What the Hashtag? A Content Analysis of Canadian Politics on Twitter.” Information, Communication and Society 14(6): 872-895.

Also reprinted in Social Media and Democracy Innovations in Participatory Politics, eds. Brian D Loader and Dan Mercea. London: Rutledge, 2012.

2010. “Canadian Politics in 140 Characters: Party Politics in the Twitterverse.” Canadian Parliamentary Review, Fall 2010: 39 – 45.

Also reprinted in Essential Readings in Canadian Government and Politics, Second Edition, edited by Peter Russell, François Rocher, Debra Thompson and Amanda Bittner. Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications, 2016.

2010. “Still Waiting for an Internet Prime Minister: Online Campaigning by Canadian Political Parties,” Election ed Heather MacIvor. Toronto: Emond Montgomery.

2009. “Regulating Canadian Elections in the Digital Age: Approaches & Concerns.” Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy September 2009 Volume 8 Issue 3: 189-205.

2008. “The Facebook effect? On-line campaigning in the 2008 Canadian and US elections.” Policy Options, November 2008, 29:10 85-87.

2008. “Party Web Sites and Online Campaigning during the 2004 and 2006 Canadian Federal Elections.” (with David Taras & Dave Danchuk). Making a Difference: A Comparative View of the Role of the Internet in Election Politics. Lexington: Lexington Press.

2008 “Blogging the Hill: Garth Turner and the Canadian Parliamentary Blogosphere.” Canadian Review of Political Science, 2:3, 103-124.

2008. “Equal Access, Unequal Success: Major & Minor Canadian Parties on the Net.” Party Politics, 14:1. 51-70.

2007. “Canadian Cyberparties: Reflections on Internet-Based Campaigning & Party Systems.” Canadian Journal of Political Science, 40:3, 1-19.

2006. “A Tale of Two Cyber-Campaigns: E-lection Engagement in North America.” International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 2:5.

2004. “parties@canada: The Internet and the 2004 Cyber-Campaign.” The Canadian General Election of 2004, ed. Jon H. Pammett & Christopher Dornan. Toronto: Dundurn Press.

other publications

2018. A new debates commission is the electoral reform Canadians need(with Lennox Esselment).  The Conversation Canada, November 20, 2018.

2017. “Online tax filing is an e-government success story.” (with Frédérick Bastien, Harold Jansen, Royce Koop and Thierry Giasson) in Policy Options, April 12, 2017.

Also in French: L’impôt et Internet : un succès du gouvernement en ligne

2015. Parliamentary Press Gallery (Revision with EliI Yarhi). The Canadian Encyclopedia.